Pool Safety and Water Safety Information for Parents
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention reports that there were 3,582 fatal drowning accidents in the United States, averaging ten drowning deaths per day. An additional 710 people died, from drowning and other causes, including pool and boating-related drowning accidents. (3) Not included in that statistic is the non-fatal drowning accidents that frequently cause brain damage and long-term disabilities in infants and children up to and including permanent vegetative state. In 2005, of all the children 1 to 4 years old who died, almost 30% of them died from drowning. Drowning in a swimming pool or bathtub is the second leading cause of unintentional injury-related death in young children. (4)
EXAMPLE: Multiple Layers of Protection on this Swimming Pool
The Harbor view Injury Prevention & Research Center reports that it is estimated that among those children sustaining immersion and loosing consciousness, the mortality rate is as high as 50%. Contrary to popular notion, most drowning incidents involving children and adults do not involve loud thrashing or verbalization of distress. Hence, pool and water safety and prevention is key to decreasing morbidity and mortality from drowning. For infants and young babies, the bathtub presents the greatest risk, not the swimming pool. For toddlers and up, the swimming pool poses the greatest risk. (5)
According to the report funded by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), toddlers and adolescent males face the greatest risk of drowning. "This work shows that drowning is still a big problem, despite being very preventable," said Duane Alexander, M.D., Director of the NICHD. Published in the July issue of Pediatrics, the research is the first to reveal data on where American children tend to drown. Most infants drown in bathtubs, toddlers in swimming pools, and older children in various freshwater locations like rivers and lakes. (7)
20 X 40 Rectangle Pro-Mesh Safety Pool Covers
A great backup product for your kids around water is the Safety Turtle Pool Alarm Starter Kit (contains one Base Station and one Wristband)
Click on the Pool Center ad below to view some of their great safety products. Specifically, for example, they carry a perimeter pool alarm that ads a layer of protection to fenced and unfenced inground pools. Look at the Pool Eye invisible fence!click on the poolcenter.com ad (left) to view pool alarms
Drowning Prevention Tips
1) Single Adult Parental Supervision. One parent is responsible (even if you rotate shifts) for the child at all times. Never leave your child with a caregiver that has a pool (fenced or not). Never assign the responsibility to anyone other than the child's parent when in the vicinity of a pool or body of water.
2) If you own a pool, install multiple layers of protection. At least 4 foot high with a self latch lock that is childproof and to high for a child to reach or positioned on the inside of the gate plus a pool motion detecting perimeter alarm or floating pool alarm or other secondary line of defense.
3) If you own a pool ensure that there are no objects that the child could stack to gain entrance to the pool.
4) Learn CPR. The time it takes paramedics to arrive could mean the difference between life and death. The American Red Cross offers CPR. http://www.redcross.org/. Some doctors recommend doing The Heimlich Maneuver before starting CPR. Others suggest The Heimlich Maneuver After CPR has failed.
5) Secure or remove other potential drowning dangers: example: toilet, bucket, filled tub.
Read the NICHD report here http://usgovinfo.about.com/library/weekly/aa070901a.htm
Read the Consumer Products Safety Center ipublication on Pool Barriers http://www.cpsc.gov/cpscpub/pubs/pool.pdf
Check this out from the Consumer Products Safety Division http://usgovinfo.about.com/od/consumerawareness/a/homedrowning.htm
Check out this fact sheet from the Center of Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/factsheets/drown.htm